Strengthening Drought Resilience
In Afar and Somali regions, the livelihoods of pastoralists and agro-pastoralists, a semi-mobile population, are severely affected by natural resources constraints. Recurring droughts and floods put traditional farming systems under threat that as they lead to crop failure and the loss of animals. Increasing degradation of vegetation and soils is accompanied by lower yields, reduced pasture land for herds both in quantity and quality and some areas are no longer available for production at all. The main cause of the increasing degradation of natural resources is climate change and their overuse, which is on the rise due to strong population growth, high livestock density and reduced access to land.